Elevator industry foreign trade
In 2022, which was marked by high energy and food prices, the war in Ukraine, climate policies, rising inflation, and interest rates, the Turkish elevator sector continued to increase its export activities. In 2022, the sector exported a total of 363 million 149 thousand 523 dollars’ worth of products, increasing the export value by 20.7 percent compared to the previous year. The total export value of the sector in 2021 was recorded as 300 million 724 thousand 331 dollars. In 2022, 195 million 486 thousand 1 dollars of the export sales made by the elevator sector, which totaled 363 million 149 thousand 523 dollars, were obtained from package elevator exports, and 167 million 663 thousand 522 dollars were obtained from component exports.
- The value of kilograms in total exports increased to 3 dollars
The kilogram value of total exports of the elevator sector also increased. The sector, which earned $2.5 per kilogram from 118 million 123 thousand 428 kilograms of exports in 2021 on a quantity basis, increased its kilogram unit value to $3 in exports worth a total of 120 million 722 thousand 264 kilograms in 2022.
- In 2022, the total import value of the elevator sector decreased by 22 percent compared to 2021
In 2022, the Turkish elevator sector increased its exports and decreased its imports. The Turkish elevator sector, which imported a total of 153 million 61 thousand 152 dollars worth of products in 2021, reduced its imports to 119 million 936 thousand 664 dollars by 22 percent in 2022 by making foreign purchases.
- The value of kilograms in total imports decreased from $4.4 to $4.2
The total imports of the elevator sector were $4.4 per kilogram in 2021. This value, which was $4.4 in 2021, which was imported in the amount of 35 million 7 thousand 950 kilograms, decreased to $4.2 with the import in the amount of 28 million 567 thousand 969 kilograms in 2022.
- The sector gave a foreign trade surplus of approximately $245 million
Despite its exports worth 363 million 149 thousand 523 dollars in foreign trade, the sector added 243 million 212 thousand 859 dollars to the Turkish economy with its imports worth 119 million 936 thousand 664 dollars.
- Package elevator exports reached 195 million 486 thousand 1 dollar value
The elevator sector increased its exports worth 148 million 967 thousand 780 dollars in 2021 by 31 percent in 2022 and increased them to 195 million 486 thousand 1 dollars. The unit price of 54 million 406 thousand 527 kilograms exported in terms of quantity was 3.6 dollars. In 2021, the kilogram unit price of package elevator exports was recorded as $3.3.
- Most elevators were exported in November
November was the most exported month with elevator exports worth 22 million 165 thousand 744 dollars in 2022. In 2022, as in 2021, January was again recorded as the month with the lowest export value with 9 million 935 thousand 196 dollars. The champion month of elevator imports in 2022 was September with an import value of 16 million 533 thousand 522 dollars.
Package elevator exports to the Russian Federation increased by 170% in 2022
The increase in the Russian Federation, which ranked first in 2021 among the countries where the Turkish elevator sector exported the most package elevators in 2022, attracted attention. The Russian Federation, which ranks first among the countries where package elevator exports are made, purchased 170% more elevators from Turkey compared to 2021. In 2021, 18 million 252 thousand 166 dollars worth of package elevators were exported to the Russian Federation, which received a package elevator worth 49 million 296 thousand 59 dollars last year.
The war between the Russian Federation and Ukraine also affected the export figures of the Turkish elevator sector. While the embargo imposed on the Russian Federation after the war and the sanctions imposed by the Russian Federation on European and American companies expanded the business volume of Turkish exporters in the Russian Federation, the problems in Ukraine caused a narrowing of the business volume. While exports to the Russian Federation increased by 170 percent in 2022 compared to the previous year, elevator exports in Ukraine, which ranked second in the ranking of the countries with the highest number of package elevators exported in recent years, decreased by 52 percent in 2022 compared to 2021. In 2021, 17 million 651 thousand 982 dollars of package elevators were exported to Ukraine, and in 2022, 8 million 431 thousand 627 dollars of package elevators were exported. And Ukraine ranked 5th among the top 10 countries that received package elevators from Turkey.
In the ranking of the top 10 countries with the highest package elevator exports in 2022, the Russian Federation was followed by Algeria with an export value of 22 million 902 thousand 67 dollars, Israel with an export value of 8 million 702 thousand 467 dollars, Iraq with an export value of 8 million 454 thousand 382 dollars, Ukraine with an export value of 8 million 431 thousand 627 dollars, Georgia with an export value of 7 million 374 thousand 121 dollars, Uzbekistan with an export value of 7 million 88 thousand 541 dollars, UAE with an export value of 6 million 392 thousand 467 dollars, Kazakhstan with an export value of 5 million 715 thousand 565 dollars and Libya with an export value of 4 million 120 thousand 524 dollars.
Albania, Belarus, Denmark, Turkmenistan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Spain, Morocco, Sudan, Oman, Romania, Bangladesh, and Bulgaria are the countries where package elevator systems are exported between $1 million and $2 million; France, Serbia, Nigeria, Germany, Qatar, North Macedonia are the countries where package elevator systems are exported between $2 million and $3 million; United Kingdom, Tunisia, Poland are the countries where package elevator systems are exported over $3 million.
- Import of package elevators decreased by 26.6% compared to the previous year
Package elevator imports in 2022 decreased by 26.6 percent compared to 2021. While a package elevator worth 120 million 254 thousand 907 dollars was imported in 2021, this figure was 88 million 258 thousand 791 dollars in 2022. The unit price of the imported package elevator in 2022 was recorded as 4.15 dollars.
The first place in elevator imports was China and the second place was Slovakia.
Of the 88 million 258 thousand 791 dollars worth of elevator imports made in 2022, 52 million 347 thousand 561 dollars were imported from China. In the countries with the most elevators imported, China was followed by Slovakia with 10 million 187 thousand 785 dollars, Germany with 7 million 184 thousand 905 dollars, Finland with 5 million 322 thousand 970 dollars, and Italy with 4 million 321 thousand 199 dollars.
South Korea, which entered the top 5 with elevator imports of 4 million 166 thousand 729 dollars in 2021, attracted attention by importing elevators of 140 thousand 728 dollars in 2022.
- Component exports increased by 10%
In 2022, the elevator sector exported 66 million 315 thousand 737 kilograms of components worth 167 million 663 thousand 791 dollars. This figure was 151 million 756 thousand 551 dollars in 2021. From component exports, the sector achieved a value of $2.5 per kilogram.
- September was the champion month of component exports in 2022
September was the champion month of component exports in 2022. September was the most exported month with component exports worth 16 million 533 thousand 522 dollars in 2022. The month in which exports were made the least in 2022 was January. The Turkish elevator industry exported 11 million 219 thousand 371 dollars worth of components in January. April, June, August, and December were also recorded as the months when more than $15 million in components were exported in 2022.
In 2022, most components were sent to Iraq again
Iraq took first place among the countries where component exports were made in 2022 with 13 million 729 thousand 42 dollars. In the ranking of the top 10 countries with the highest component exports, Iraq was followed by Egypt with an export value of 11 million 926 thousand 93 dollars, Algeria with an export value of 11 million 377 thousand 950 dollars, Iran with an export value of 9 million 380 thousand 450 dollars, the Russian Federation with an export value of 8 million 986 thousand 504 dollars, Morocco with an export value of 6 million 352 thousand 588 dollars, Bulgaria with an export value of 6 million 100 thousand 104 dollars, Saudi Arabia with an export value of 5 million 488 thousand 405 dollars, Israel with an export value of 4 million 987 thousand 851 dollars and Georgia with an export value of 4 million 970 thousand 800 dollars.
France was the country that attracted attention with its component purchases worth 4 million 470 thousand 705 dollars, the USA was worth 4 million 362 thousand 289 dollars, while Libya, Germany, Afghanistan, and Ukraine were the countries where 3 million 500 thousand and 4 million components were exported. India, Denmark, Greece, Kosovo, Finland, Italy, Kuwait, Qatar, and the UAE were recorded as countries that purchased between 2 million 500 thousand and 3 million dollars, while Romania, Albania, Uzbekistan, Serbia, Tunisia, Nigeria, Mexico, Estonia, United Kingdom, Poland, Lebanon, Jordan, Slovakia, and Oman were recorded as the countries that purchased between $ 1 million and $ 2 million.
- The sector imported 31 million 677 thousand 873 dollars worth of components
The Turkish elevator sector is reducing its dependence on foreign countries in elevator construction work every year. The elevator sector, which made an external purchase worth 33 million 346 thousand 245 dollars in 2021 regarding the component, reduced its component external purchase to 31 million 677 thousand 873 dollars in 2022. The average price of component kilograms came to $4.3 for 2022.
- China was the first in component imports, and Italy was the second.
Of the 31 million 677 thousand 873 dollars of component imports made in 2022, 14 million 121 thousand 828 dollars were imported from China. China is the country where most elevators are imported; Italy with 6 million 621 thousand 476 dollars, Spain with 5 million 354 thousand 441 dollars, Germany with 1 million 863 thousand 171 dollars, Greece with 1 million 336 thousand 899 dollars.
Far countries strategy and Elevator sector
The success story of Turkey's exporters in foreign trade in the last 20 years is concentrated in the neighboring and surrounding geography. 2/3 of exports are made to relatively close countries. Turkey's average export distance is below the world average. This situation necessitates the introduction of a special foreign trade strategy for distant countries. Action should be taken to increase the export range, which is an average of 3 thousand 65 kilometers, to more than 4 thousand 744 kilometers, which is the world average. Turkish exporters, who focus on new market diversity by taking the traditional product-market structure of our exports to an advanced stage, turn their routes to distant countries. With this understanding, the Ministry of Commerce of the Republic of Turkey, as a result of analytical studies, determined 18 countries that are more than 2,500 kilometers away from Turkey, whose imports from the world are over $60 billion and whose share in imports is less than 1% as target countries for the development of trade within the scope of the Far Countries Strategy.
These countries are; USA, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, and Chile from the American continent, China, Japan, South Korea, Pakistan, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, and Vietnam from the Asian continent, South Africa from Africa, Nigeria and Australia from Oceania. These countries, which have a 64 percent share in the world economy, make up 47 percent of the world's goods imports and 35.6 percent of the world's service imports. The countries identified with these magnitudes constitute an important potential for Turkey to develop its trade on the basis of the win-win principle.
In terms of the elevator sector, being able to sell products and services to the countries mentioned above is extremely important for the development of the sector and exports. The elevator sector, which is one of the rare sectors of Turkey that has a foreign trade surplus, makes its exports to the surrounding countries intensively. When we look at the countries where the most package elevators and components are exported, which we have detailed in our file, we see that our export density is far below the world average of 4 thousand 744 kilometers in terms of distance. When we examine the 18 countries included in the scope of the Distant Countries Strategy by the Ministry of Commerce of the Republic of Turkey regionally, although some progress has been made in Central and South Africa, where elevators and components worth 13 million 432 thousand 851 dollars are exported in 2022, it seems that there is a long way to go in the USA, Canada, Latin America, and Oceania regions. While a total of 5 million 434 thousand 119 dollars worth of exports were made to the USA and Canada in 2022, we see that 3 million 798 thousand 125 dollars worth of package elevators and components were exported to Latin America and 1 million 2 thousand 89 dollars worth of package elevators and components were exported to the Oceania region.